The Pennsylvania Constitution of 1790 was the basis for the Free Public School Act of 1834 that is the underpinning of today’s system of schools operating through the Commonwealth. These schools were created to educate children to be useful citizens, loyal to the principles upon which our republic was founded, and aware of their duties as citizens to maintain those ideals. To this extent, Pennsylvania has four very distinct standard areas that need to be addressed kindergarten through twelfth grades. They are Civics and Government, Economics, History and Geography.
Civics and Government is the teaching and presentation of the principles and ideals of the American republican representative form of government as portrayed and experienced by the acts and policies of the framers of the Declaration of Independency, Constitution of the United States and Bill of Rights.
Economics is concerned with the behavior of individuals and institutions engaged in the production, exchange, and consumption of goods and services. Students will learn how economic activity impacts the forces of everyday life which is essential as they become adults entering the work force.
History provides a framework that helps instill an understanding in each student. The intent of history is to instill in each student an ability to develop historical comprehension, to evaluate historical interpretation and to understand and conduct historical research.
Geography is the science of space and place on Earth’s surface. Its subject matter is the physical and human phenomena that make up the world’s environments and places. Geography helps understand spatial contexts, recognize places and regions as human concepts, understand physical processes that have shaped the Earth’s surface and the patterns resulting from those processes.